Establishment of Departmental Nurseries
A forest nursery at each Forest Division headquarter will be established, where both tube and bare-rooted seedlings will be raised to meet the requirements for various categories of plantations. The size will be 5 ha. In case of non- availability of this much area on one spot, then it can be raised in 2 or 3 parts as well. Under this category 95 ha potted and 270 ha bare-rooted nurseries will be raised. This will be a nursery of excellent quality to be used as demonstration and training sites for the private nursery growers. The 117.37 million plants will be raised through tube while 33.36 million through bare rooted nurseries departmentally.
Choice of species grown in the nursery will be made in accordance with the requirement of area to be planted. Timely initiation of nursery and preparatory arrangements including procurement of polythene-bags and seed etc would be important for achieving the plant production targets of desired stem-size. Region and Division wise targets are given in Annexes III a, III b, and III c respectively. In total 50% of the planting stock will be raised departmentally.
Establishment of private forest nurseries through Youth, Women and Progress formers
On identification and nomination of local community organizations and mass communication / advertisement the potential growers for nursery units will be identified. Keeping in view the parameters of cultural norms, and economic feasibility, the number of potted plants to be raised in each male and female unit. The potted nursery and the bare-rooted nursery will produce 100 million seedlings this year, the unit will be 25,000 Nos. Under this 2000 potted nurseries and 2000 bare rooted nurseries will be established. In case of progressive nursery former the number of units can be enhanced depending upon his capability to raise nurseries and there is no upper limit. However, it has been observed that small units are not economical feasible and unit above 4 are also not ideally maintained. Under this category the further distribution of private nurseries will be 40% of total allocated for Youth, 10% for women, 10% for senior citizens & 40% will be reserved for progressive farmers.
The number of ha given in the PC-1 is based on total number of seedling to be produced and does not limit the size of the nursery and the size of nursery will vary according to the site condition. However, generally the size of one unit per women and senior citizen will be preferred, while generally good commercial size will be from two to four nursery units. This year 10% nurseries will be allocated to women, 10% to senior citizens, 40% to youth and another 40% to progressive farmers and entrepreneurs.
Besides raising 150 million plants through departmental nurseries and 100 million plants through private nurseries, to be organized maintained by department and another 50 million seedlings will be raised through nurseries managed through leading NGOs. The Nurseries that will mandated to NGOs will also include women, senior citizens, youth and progressive nurseries farmers as already defined above. The same price as indicated for private nurseries will be paid to growers. The payment to nursery grower will be made through cross cheque on recommendation of NGO concerned and verification of Forest staff by DFO. The NGOs will be provided Rs 0.50 per plant as a fee to provide services.
The synergies will be created with local programs of NGOs and NGOs will be motivated to enter in partnership for raising nurseries and its management. The NGOs will also be actively involved in farm forestry programs.